With emission regulations and commercial fleet mandates putting increasing pressure on business owners to move their vehicles and fleets into net-zero compliance, the landscape of commercial vehicles in North America is on the cusp of a dramatic shift.

Many concerns about recharging and advanced fuel refueling have been raised, but an even more immediate issue is the availability of trucks and vans that both comply with new standards and can fulfill the chores for which businesses buy them.

Business owners, fleet operators, and logistics planners will need to keep a keen eye on what's coming down the pipeline for light, medium, and heavy-duty trucks. This list will not be 100% complete with new contenders on the way, but provides a good overview of the product offerings for sale in 2024 and links to additional information for further consideration, using the CA Vehicle Weight Classes and Categories and California's Plan for Zero-Emission Vehicles as references.

Light-Duty Commercial Vehicles (Class 1-3)

Electric and Advanced Fuel Options in Light-Duty Commercial Vehicles

In the light-duty (up to 14,00 lb GVWR) commercial vehicle segment, electric and hybrid offerings are expected to continue their upward trajectory with established and startup OEMs adding several entries to the roster of light-duty commercial vehicles available in North America for the 2024 year.

Commercial Net-zero trucks include:

Chevrolet's electrified Silverado 

Ford's all-electric Ford F-150 Lightning

Rivian electric R1T pickup

Stellantis continuing to push for a Q4 2024 release of the Ram 1500 REV pickup and ProMaster EV van.

Via Motors is manufacturing class 2-5 electric cab chassis and bespoke trucks

Vicinity Motors class-3 truck.

Although the towing capacity of all the EV trucks is impressive, it is only the Via and Vicinity offerings that provide enough capacity to carry much in the way of cubic yards of equipment, material, or cargo.

Commercial Net-zero vans include:

Blue Arc electric class-3 step van

Ford’s  E-Transit van.

Rivian Delivery Series vans.

Lightning Motors ZEV3 van series

Mercedes-Benz eSprinter vans are now available in North America, as well as the BrightDrop Zevo walk-in delivery van.

Mullen One and Mullen Three all electric vans are available for 2024.

Propane, also known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) or propane autogas, is considered an alternative fuel under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 and remains a viable option, especially in rural markets, to retrofit many models of trucks and vans, or to upfit them to LPG when ordering.

Hydrogen, both fuel cell and as a fuel for diesel engines, continues to be a work-in-progress for North America.

Traditional I.C.E. Light-Duty Powertrains

The traditional gasoline and diesel sector is not standing still either.  GM/Chevrolet continues to offer their HD series trucks and vans with up to five-digit towing capacity and nearly a thousand-foot pounds of torque. Ram is offering its own HD lineup of gasoline and diesel-powered light-duty  trucks and  vans. The Mercedes-Benz Sprinter van is also now available in North America.

Ford also continues to upgrade its  Super-Duty line of work trucks. Although  Toyota and  Nissan continue to refine their efficient gasoline engines for their light-duty trucks, the new 2024 MotorTrend Truck of the Year® Colorado is also a great fleet pickup truck entry,

However, it is only the Ford, GM, and Ram triad that has class-3 vehicles for sale this year.

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Medium-Duty Commercial Vehicles (Class 4-6)

Electric and Advanced Fuel Options in Medium-Duty Commercial Vehicles

For businesses requiring medium-duty trucks (above 14,000 to 26,000lb GVWR), the electric future appears bright as an encouraging number of manufacturers responded to looming emissions regulations. Adoption of net zero vehicles in the medium-duty class should be quicker than with heavy-duty use cases because they(?) are a better match for current EV technology.

BYD continues to roll out Class-6 all-electric box trucks and refuse trucks that promise to lower operational costs and reduce emissions.

International's  eMV Series is available in medium and heavy-duty configurations.

Other net-zero medium-duty vehicles that can be had this year include:

Battle Motors offers 2 models of BEV.

Blue Arc class-5 electric crew cab.

Freightliner  eM2

Hino  M5e and L6e

Isuzu NRR EV

Kenworth Class-6  K270E 

Lightning Motors ZEV4 series vans and trucks

Mack MD6 Electric

Motive  Stepvan and configurable  Argo.

RIZON

Via Motors class 2-5 electric cab chassis and bespoke trucks.

Vicinity Motors Lightning medium-duty bus.

Volvo  FL Electric and  FE Electric platforms.

Traditional I.C.E.Medium-Duty Powertrains

Despite the electrification buzz, traditional powertrains are not going away just yet. The Savana Van carries a GVWR of 14 200lb GVWR, allowing it a place in the class-4 category, while the GM HD Series (4500, 5500, 6500) carries the torch for the truck segment.

Other traditionally powered medium-duty vehicles that can be had this year include:

Battle Motors offers 3 models of diesel-powered medium-duty chassis.

Ford F650 (Propane conversion ready)

Hino  L6 and  M Series

International's  CV Series of diesel-powered trucks are also serious contenders in this division.

Isuzu  N Series

Kenworth  T180/280 series

Mack MD6

Peterbilt

Heavy-Duty Commercial Vehicles (Class 7-8)

Electric and Advanced Fuel Options in Heavy-Duty Commercial Vehicles

In the world of heavy-duty commercial vehicles, electric and hydrogen options are making headway with Nikola Motors taking orders for both electric and hydrogen-powered heavy-duty trucks to be delivered in 2024.

In addition to their class-6 offerings, BYD is also producing class-8 all-electric buses and tandem axle cab models.

International's  eMV Series is available in medium and heavy-duty configurations.

Other net-zero heavy-duty vehicles that can be had this year include:

Battle Motors CNG-powered LET2, and 2 models of BEVs.

IC Bus CE Series electric bus.

Kenworth Class-7  K370E and T680E

Mack MD7 Electric

Mack LR Electric refuse truck

Peterbilt 579EV, 520EV, and 220EV.

Thomas Built  EV Bus

Vicinity Motors CNG-powered Classic heavy-duty bus.

Volvo  FH Electric FE Electric, and  VNR Electric.

Traditional Heavy-Duty I.C.E. Powertrains

Volvo and Mack are spearheading advancements in fuel efficiency and emission reductions for their diesel-powered heavy-duty trucks, ensuring that diesel-powered vehicles won't give up the heavy-duty crown easily.

Traditionally powered heavy-duty vehicles that can purchased this year include:

Battle Motors offers 3 models of diesel-powered heavy-duty chassis.

Ford F750 (Propane conversion ready)

Freightliner Cascadia

Hino  L7 and  XL Series 

IC Bus TC Series bus

Kenworth T, C, and W Series

Peterbilt

Thomas Built  Clean-diesel

Mack MD7

Mack Anthem Pinnacle Terra Pro, and  Granite Series

Vicinity Motors clean-diesel Classic heavy-duty bus.

Volvo  FH FE, and  V Series

Western Star  X-Series

Conclusion

In summary, North America's commercial vehicle landscape is experiencing a significant shift, and we'll continue to witness ongoing development in both traditional and alternative powertrain options across light, medium, and heavy-duty vehicle segments. It is crucial for interested parties to stay abreast of these changes as it becomes more critical to reduce operational costs, address environmental policies, and create new strategies in fleet configurations.

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